The best type of plumbing pipe is PEX Pipe or Copper Pipe due to their wide usage, durability, and use of non-toxic materials.
Ever wondered which type of plumbing pipe is best? At Al Coronado we get asked this question a lot. Since pipes used for plumbing can come in everything from metal to plastic, it's no wonder why it can be a confusing question - especially for people looking to do their own repairs.
We've gone ahead and covered the different types of plumbing pipe below, noting which application each would be best for. This should help you to understand which plumbing pipe is best for your needs.
One of the newest and biggest innovations in plumbing pipe is PEX (cross linked polyethylene) piping. Created in the 1980's but not used until the late 1990's in home applications, it is considered by many as the best plumbing pipe option.
PEX Piping can be snaked through a house and bent through high-beams or placed around corners in ways no other types of plumbing pipe can be. It requires no adhesive and can withstand freezing conditions better than most other plumbing pipe types (except copper).
In most applications it is spliced into existing pipe (including copper), which makes it a viable choice for retrofitting old homes. Furthermore, there is no risk or known issues with using it for the transportation of drinking water, as seen with standard PVC piping.
PEX Piping Uses
- Retrofitting Older Homes
- Can Be Used For The Same Applications As Copper Piping
- In Tight Space Uses Where Corners and Angles May Cause Problems
For over 60 years copper piping has been the standard go-to in homes. This is due to the durability and lifespan of copper piping. In most scenarios a copper pipe can handle extreme temperature fluctuation and is resistant to corrosion. Because copper is a solid metal it is safe to use for the transportation of drinking water and will not cause debris. Because of this, copper is typically used in some applications and not others and is considered to be one of the best types of plumbing pipes.
One of the major problems with copper piping however, is the cost. Copper tends to be one of the most expensive types of plumbing pipe.
Copper Piping Uses
- Drinking Water
- Refrigerant and Water Lines
- Applications Requiring A Tight Seal
- Service Lines That Run Underground
Another option for plumbing pipe is PVC (polyvinyl chloride). PVC is most frequently used in homes built after the year 2000. It is versatile and extremely affordable, making it a great option for keeping the cost of repiping down.
PVC is great for home applications since it does not rust or corrode and will not need to be replaced unless it cracks or begins leaking. Another reason to use PVC pipes is that they require no welding or metal work. Finally, PVC is incredibly durable and will not bend under pressure, making it a great choice for high pressure water uses.
One of the main drawbacks of PVC piping, however, is that it cannot be used for hot water delivery. When exposed to the extreme heat of hot water temperatures, PVC piping will begin to warp and bend over time. In addition, PVC piping may also degrade or change in structure when it is exposed to UV light for long durations of time. Because of this, it is a great option for indoor and underground piping.
Another important point about PVC: it’s not rated for use with drinking water, due to the toxic levels of certain compounds found in PVC material.
PVC Piping Uses
Another type of PVC pipe is CPVC pipe. CPVC has extra chloride added to its composition, which adds extra durability and will not degrade with liquids. This allows CPVC pipes to be used as a safe option for handling drinking water.
CPVC can be used for the same applications as copper piping, but is often considered a better option due to its insulation. This prevents energy loss in hot or cold applications throughout the house. Another added benefit of CPVC is that it’s more pliable than metal tubing, which allows for extra versatility.
CPVC Piping Uses
As you can see, there are many types of plumbing pipes, and the use of each type comes down to the application in question. What pipe you choose is largely determined by what the project or job requires. If you have any concern or question about which type of plumbing pipe to use in your specific application, we recommend contacting Al Coronado Plumbing. Our technicians are on standby to help you with your home’s needs.
People Also Ask
PEX is the best plumbing pipe to use for cold weather, as it is more resistant to freezing water and can expand and contract as necessary with the fluctuations in temperature between seasons.
PEX and CPVC are typically used for piping main water lines. Due to their wide array of applications and their ability to withstand high pressure, they are frequently used for running main lines in housing and commercial applications.
The best type of metal to use for water piping in your home is copper. Due to it's strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion, it is a plumber’s first choice for metal piping applications
Yes, PEX plumbing pipes are safe for drinking water. Due to the composition of the materials used in PEX pipes, they are frequently used in the same situations as copper plumbing.
Plumbing estimates and on-site quotes should always be free and are really a mandatory requirement for many reasons. You should view any plumbing service that quotes you over the phone with caution, since that company will not be able to collect enough information to provide a truly accurate estimate.